The partial schematic below is similar to those found in the majority of
TVs sold in countries with 110 to 120 VAC power. Many parts are not shown
including the power switch or relay, RFI bypass capacitors across the
rectifier diodes, and RFI line filter.
|NotTaR of Television Sets : Typical TV power supply front end
1994-2007, Samuel M. Goldwasser. All Rights Reserved. Reproduction of this document in whole or in part is permitted if both of the following conditions are satisfied: 1. This notice is included in its entirety at the beginning. 2. There is no charge except to cover the costs of copying.
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<< Standby power supplies |
| Totally dead set >>
Line fuse Main bridge Fusable +----/\/\-----+
_ rectifier resistor | +-----+ |
H o--_ --+------|>|---+---/\/\--+---+---| REG |---+---+---o B+
| | | +-----+ |
| +---|>|---+ C1 _|_ Main | _|_ Regulator
115 VAC | | 400 uF --- filter | --- output
+--|---|<|---+ 200 V | cap | | capacitor
| | | | |
+-> N o---------+---|<|---+---------+----------+----------+---o Non-isolated
+-> G - Power line earth ground via building wiring
The line fuse is typically 2 to 4 A, usually a normal fast blow type. Even
so, it may not blow as a result of faults down the line - the fusable
resistor or regulator may fail first.
The main bridge rectifier is often composed of 4 discrete diodes (similar
to 1N400Xs) but may also be a single unit. Failures - usually shorted diodes
- are common.
The main filter capacitor can range in size from 200 to 800 uF or more
at 200 to 250 V. THIS CAN BE LETHAL! A typical TV may continue to work
at normal line voltage without any noticeable degradation in performance
(hum bars, hum in sound, or shutdown) even if this capacitor is reduced
in value by 75%. Its uF value is therefore not critical.
The regulator is often an IC or hybrid module. Failures resulting in no
or reduced output, or no regulation are common.
The regulator output capacitor is needed for the B+ regulator to function
properly. If this capacitor is reduced in value or develops a high ESR,
regulation may fail resulting in instability, oscillation, or excessive
B+ and shutdown.
The regulator bypass resistor reduces the amount of current control needed
of the regulator. Caution: even if the regulator has been pulled, the B+
line will have substantial voltage as a result of this resistor.
<<Standby power supplies |
| Totally dead set>>